Links

Validate JWT in your application server

Authenticate the incoming HTTP requests by validating JWT in your application server
In this section, we will go through how to decode the JWT token to obtain the currently logged-in user.
Before we start, make sure the option Issue JWT as access token is enabled in your Application settings in the Portal.
Make sure "Issue JWT as access token" is enabled in your application
With the Issue JWT as access token option turned on in your application, Authgear will issue JWT as access tokens. The incoming HTTP requests should include the access token in their Authorization headers. Without setting the reverse proxy, your backend server can use your Authgear JWKS to verify the request and decode user information from the JWT access token.

Find the JSON Web Key Sets (JWKS) endpoint

This Discovery endpoint serves as a JSON document containing the OpenID Connect configuration of your app. It includes the authorization endpoint, the token endpoint, and the JWKS endpoint.
https://<YOUR_AUTHGEAR_ENDPOINT>/.well-known/openid-configuration
The JSON Web Key Sets (JWKS) endpoint can be found in jwk_url in the configuration.
OpenID Connect Configuration JSON
{
"jwks_uri": "..."
...
}

Decode user from an access token

Follow this step-by-step example to verify and decode the JWT token.
Python
Node.js
Go
PHP

Step 1: Install packages

pip install cryptography
pip install PyJWT

Step 2: Find the JSON Web Key Sets (JWKS) endpoint

Define a function to find the JWKS endpoint from the OpenID Connect configuration. Use your Authgear endpoint as the base_address
import json
from contextlib import closing
from urllib.request import urlopen
base_address = "https://<your_app_endpoint>"
def fetch_jwks_uri(base_address):
doc_url = base_address + "/.well-known/openid-configuration"
with closing(urlopen(doc_url)) as f:
doc = json.load(f)
jwks_uri = doc["jwks_uri"]
if not jwks_uri:
raise Exception('Failed to fetch jwks uri.')
return jwks_uri

Step 3: Get the JWT token from the Authorization header

Define a function to extract the access token from the Authorization header in the incoming request. It should look like Authorization: Bearer <access_token>.
def parse_header(authz_header):
parts = authz_header.split(" ")
if len(parts) != 2:
return
scheme = parts[0]
if scheme.lower() != "bearer":
return
return parts[1]

Step 4: Verify and decode the JWT token

Here we show an example of using the Flask web framework to guard a path. You may need to adjust some of the codes to suit your technologies.
from flask import request
import jwt
from jwt import PyJWKClient
@app.route("/hello")
def hello():
authz_header = request.headers.get("Authorization")
if not authz_header:
return {
"message": "authz header not found"
}
# get jwt token from Authorization header
token = parse_header(authz_header)
if token:
try:
# fetch jwks_uri from the Authgear Discovery Endpoint
jwks_uri = fetch_jwks_uri(base_address)
# Reuse PyJWKClient for better performance
jwks_client = PyJWKClient(jwks_uri)
signing_key = jwks_client.get_signing_key_from_jwt(token)
user_data = jwt.decode(
token,
signing_key.key,
algorithms=["RS256"],
audience=base_address,
options={"verify_exp": True},
)
return {
"message": "Hello!",
"user_data": user_data
}
except:
return {
"message": "JWT decode failed"
}
else:
return {
"message": "no token"
}

Step 1: Install dependencies

npm install --save axios jwks-rsa jsonwebtoken

Step 2: Find the JWKS Endpoint

Use the following method to get the JWKS URI (you'll need to URI to extract the public signing key from a JWT).
const appUrl = ""; //place your authgear app endpoint here
const getJwksUri = async (appUrl) => {
const config_endpoint = appUrl + "/.well-known/openid-configuration";
const data = await axios.get(config_endpoint);
return data.data.jwks_uri;
}

Step 3: Extract JWT from Request Header

Use the following code to extract only the token part from a Bearer [token] authorization header in your Express app:
const express = require("express");
const axios = require("axios");
const node_jwt = require('jsonwebtoken');
const jwksClient = require('jwks-rsa');
const app = express();
const port = 3002;
app.get('/', async (req, res) => {
const requestHeader = req.headers;
if (requestHeader.authorization == undefined) {
res.send("Invalid header");
return;
}
const authorizationHeader = requestHeader.authorization.split(" ");
const access_token = authorizationHeader[1];
}

Step 4: Decode Access Token

Next, decode the access token so that you can extract the JWT kid from the result. You'll need this `kid to get the public signing key. Use the following code to decode the JWT:
const decoded_access_token = node_jwt.decode(access_token, {complete: true});

Step 5: Get JWT Signing Keys and Verify the JWT

Use the following code to extract the JWT public keys then verify the JWT using the keys:
const jwks_uri = await getJwksUri(appUrl);
const client = jwksClient({
strictSsl: true,
jwksUri: jwks_uri
});
const signing_key = await client.getSigningKey(decoded_access_token.header.kid);
try {
const verify = node_jwt.verify(access_token, signing_key.publicKey, { algorithms: ['RS256'] });
res.send(JSON.stringify(verify))
}
catch(error) {
res.send(error);
}
Here's what your Express app should look like after putting the code in all the steps together:
const express = require("express");
const axios = require("axios");
const node_jwt = require('jsonwebtoken');
const jwksClient = require('jwks-rsa');
const app = express();
const port = 3002;
const appUrl = "https://demo-1-ea.authgear.cloud";
const getJwksUri = async (appUrl) => {
const config_endpoint = appUrl + "/.well-known/openid-configuration";
const data = await axios.get(config_endpoint);
return data.data.jwks_uri;
}
app.get('/', async (req, res) => {
const requestHeader = req.headers;
if (requestHeader.authorization == undefined) {
res.send("Invalid header");
return;
}
const authorizationHeader = requestHeader.authorization.split(" ");
const access_token = authorizationHeader[1];
const decoded_access_token = node_jwt.decode(access_token, {complete: true});
const jwks_uri = await getJwksUri(appUrl);
const client = jwksClient({
strictSsl: true,
jwksUri: jwks_uri
});
const signing_key = await client.getSigningKey(decoded_access_token.header.kid);
try {
const verify = node_jwt.verify(access_token, signing_key.publicKey, { algorithms: ['RS256'] });
res.send(JSON.stringify(verify))
}
catch(error) {
res.send(error);
}
});
app.listen(port, () => {
console.log(`server started on port ${port}`);
});
Use your Authgear endpoint as base_address
import (
"context"
"encoding/json"
"fmt"
"net/http"
"regexp"
"time"
"github.com/lestrrat-go/jwx/jwk"
"github.com/lestrrat-go/jwx/jwt"
)
var (
authzHeaderRegexp = regexp.MustCompile("(?i)^Bearer (.*)$")
baseAddress = "https://<your_app_endpoint>"
)
type OIDCDiscoveryDocument struct {
JWKSURI string `json:"jwks_uri"`
}
func FetchOIDCDiscoveryDocument(endpoint string) (*OIDCDiscoveryDocument, error) {
resp, err := http.DefaultClient.Get(endpoint)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
defer resp.Body.Close()
if resp.StatusCode != http.StatusOK {
return nil, fmt.Errorf(
"failed to fetch discovery document: unexpected status code: %d",
resp.StatusCode,
)
}
var document OIDCDiscoveryDocument
err = json.NewDecoder(resp.Body).Decode(&document)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
return &document, nil
}
func FetchJWK(baseAddress string) (jwk.Set, error) {
doc, err := FetchOIDCDiscoveryDocument(
baseAddress + "/.well-known/openid-configuration",
)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
set, err := jwk.Fetch(context.Background(), doc.JWKSURI)
return set, err
}
// DecodeUser parse request Authorization header and obtain user id and claims
func DecodeUser(r *http.Request) (string, map[string]interface{}, error) {
// fetch jwks_uri from Authgear
// you can cache the value of jwks to have better performance
set, err := FetchJWK(baseAddress)
if err != nil {
return "", nil, fmt.Errorf("failed to fetch JWK: %s", err)
}
// get jwt token from Authorization header
authzHeader := r.Header.Get("Authorization")
match := authzHeaderRegexp.FindStringSubmatch(authzHeader)
if len(match) != 2 {
return "", nil, fmt.Errorf("no token")
}
// parse jwt token
token, err := jwt.ParseString(match[1], jwt.WithKeySet(set))
if err != nil {
return "", nil, fmt.Errorf("invalid token: %s", err)
}
// validate jwt token
err = jwt.Validate(token,
jwt.WithClock(jwt.ClockFunc(
func() time.Time { return time.Now().UTC() },
)),
jwt.WithAudience(baseAddress),
)
if err != nil {
return "", nil, fmt.Errorf("invalid token: %s", err)
}
return token.Subject(), token.PrivateClaims(), nil
}
func handler(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
// decode user example
userid, claims, err := DecodeUser(r)
isUserVerified, _ :=
claims["https://authgear.com/claims/user/is_verified"].(bool)
isAnonymousUser, _ :=
claims["https://authgear.com/claims/user/is_anonymous"].(bool)
// ... your handler logic
}

Step 1: Install Packages

First, install the dependencies required by running these com
composer require firebase/php-jwt
composer require guzzlehttp/guzzle

Step 2: Find the JWKS Endpoint

Create a function that finds the JWKS endpoint from your Authgear application endpoint using the following code:
<?php
require 'vendor/autoload.php';
use Firebase\JWT\JWT;
use Firebase\JWT\JWK;
use Firebase\JWT\Key;
use GuzzleHttp\Client;
$appUrl = ""; //place your authgear app endpoint here
function getJwksUri($appUrl) {
$configEndpoint = $appUrl . "/.well-known/openid-configuration";
$httpClient = new Client();
$response = $httpClient->request('GET', $configEndpoint);
$responseObject = json_decode($response->getBody());
return $responseObject->jwks_uri;
}

Step 3: Get Signing Key

Add the following code to your application to get the JWT signing key:
$jwksUri = getJwksUri($appUrl);
$httpClient = new Client();
$jwksUriResponse = $httpClient->request('GET', $jwksUri);
$keysObject = json_decode($jwksUriResponse->getBody());
$jwks = (array) ($keysObject->keys)[0];
$parsedKey = JWK::parseKey($jwks, "RS256");
$signingKey = $parsedKey->getKeyMaterial();

Step 4: Extract the JWT From the Request Header

To extract the access token from the HTTP request use the following code:
if (!isset($_SERVER['HTTP_AUTHORIZATION']))
throw new Exception("Invalid authorization header");
$authorizationHeader = $_SERVER['HTTP_AUTHORIZATION'];
$jwt = (explode(" ", $authorizationHeader))[1];

Step 5: Validate and Decode JWT

Finally, decode the JWT signing key.
$decoded = JWT::decode($jwt, new Key($signingKey, 'RS256'));
echo json_encode($decoded);

Check the validity of JWT

The auth_time claim in an OIDC ID token represents the time when the user authentication occurred. Extract the auth_time claim from the token, which should represent the time of the original authentication in seconds. If the difference between the current time and auth_time exceeds your threshold (for example, 5 minutes), initiate the re-authentication process.
See an example of how to verify the signature of the ID token, and then validate the claims auth_time inside here.

Decode user from cookies

Validating JWT in your application server is currently only available for Token-based authentication.
For Cookie-based authentication, JWT in cookies is not supported yet. You can track the issue here.