Angular Tutorial: User Auth with Authgear SDK
Follow this quickstart tutorial to add authentication to your Angular application
Authgear helps you add user logins to your Angular apps. It provides prebuilt login page and user settings page that accelerate the development.
Follow this
πŸ•
15 minutes tutorial to create a simple app using Angular with Authgear SDK.
Check out and clone the Sample Project on GitHub.
Table of Content

Setup Application in Authgear

Signup for an account in https://portal.authgearapps.com/ and create a Project.
After that, we will need to create an Application in the Project Portal.

Create an application in the Portal

  1. 1.
    Go to Applications on the left menu bar.
  2. 2.
    Click βŠ•Add Application in the top tool bar.
  3. 3.
    Input the name of your application, e.g. "MyAwesomeApp".
  4. 4.
    Select Single Page Application as the application type
  5. 5.
    Click "Save" to create the application

Configure Authorize Redirect URI

The Redirect URI is a URL in you application where the user will be redirected to after login with Authgear. In this path, make a finish authentication call to complete the login process.
For this tutorial, add http://localhost:4000/auth-redirect to Authorize Redirect URIs.

Configure Post Logout Redirect URI

The Post Logout Redirect URI is the URL users will be redirected after they have logged out. The URL must be whitelisted.
For this tutorial, add http://localhost:4000/ to Post Logout Redirect URIs.
Save the configuration before next steps.
Configure Authorized Redirect URIs and Post Logout Redirect URIs.

Step 1: Create a simple Angular project

Here are some recommended steps to scaffold an Angular project. You can skip this part if you are adding Authgear to an existing project. See Step 2: Install Authgear SDK to the project in the next section.

Install the Angular CLI

To install the Angular CLI, open a terminal window and run the following command:
npm install -g @angular/cli
For Windows clients, please find your reference in https://angular.io/guide/setup-local for more information on installing the Angular CLI.

Create initial workspace

Run the following cli command to create a new workspace and initial app called my-app with a routing module generated.
# Create a workspace called my-app
ng new my-app --routing --defaults
# Move into the project directory
cd my-app

Edit script for launching the app

In the package.json file, edit the start script in the script section
# before
"start": "ng serve"
​
# after
"start": "ng serve --port 4000"
The start script run the app in development mode on port 4000 instead of the default one.

Edit the app.component.html file

By default, the Angular CLI generated an initial application for us, but for simplicity, we recommend to modify some of these files to scratch.
In the src/app/app.component.html file, remove all the lines and add the following line:
<div>Hello world</div>

Run your initial app

Run npm start now to run the project and you will see "Hello world" on http://localhost:4000.

Step 2: Install Authgear SDK to the project

Run the following command within your Angular project directory to install the Authgear Web SDK
npm install --save-exact @authgear/web
In src/app/app.component.ts , import authgear and call the configure function to initialize an Authgear instance on application loads.
// src/app/app.component.ts
import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import authgear from '@authgear/web';
​
@Component({
selector: 'app-root',
templateUrl: './app.component.html',
styleUrls: ['./app.component.css'],
})
export class AppComponent implements OnInit {
// configure Authgear container instance
initAuthgear(): Promise<void> {
return authgear.configure({
endpoint: '<your_app_endpoint>',
clientID: '<your_client_id>',
sessionType: 'refresh_token',
});
}
​
ngOnInit(): void {
this.initAuthgear().catch((e) => {
// Error handling
console.log(e);
});
}
}
The Authgear container instance takes endpoint and clientID as parameters. They can be obtained from the application page created in Setup Application in Authgear.
It is recommend to render the app after configure() resolves. So by the time the app is rendered, Authgear is ready to use.
Run npm start now and you should see a page with "Hello World" and no error message in the console if Authgear SDK is configured successfully

Step 3: Implement the User Service

Since we want to reference the logged in state in anywhere of the app, let's put the state in a service with user.service.ts in the /src/app/services/ folder.
In user.service.ts, it will have a isLoggedIn boolean variable. The isLoggedIn boolean variable can be auto updated using the onSessionStateChange callback. This callback can be stored in delegate which is in the local SDK container.
// src/app/services/user.service.ts
import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import authgear from '@authgear/web';
​
@Injectable({
providedIn: 'root',
})
export class UserService {
// By default the user is not logged in
isLoggedIn: boolean = false;
​
constructor() {
// When the sessionState changed, logged in state will also be changed
authgear.delegate = {
onSessionStateChange: (container) => {
// sessionState is now up to date
// value of sessionState can be "NO_SESSION" or "AUTHENTICATED"
const sessionState = container.sessionState;
if (sessionState === 'AUTHENTICATED') {
this.isLoggedIn = true;
} else {
this.isLoggedIn = false;
}
},
};
}
}

Step 4: Implement the Auth Redirect

Next, we will add an "auth-redirect" page for handling the authentication result after the user have been authenticated by Authgear.
Create the auth-redirect component using the following command:
ng generate component auth-redirect
We will inject the router and the UserService to get the use of navigation and the isLoggedIn state.
Call the Authgear finishAuthentication() function in the Auth Redirect component to send a token back to Authgear server in exchange for access token and refresh token. Don't worry about the technical jargons, finishAuthentication() will do all the hard work for you and and save the authentication data.
When the authentication is finished, the isLoggedIn state from the UserService will automatic set to true. Finally, navigate back to root (/) which is our Home page.
The final auth-redirect.component.ts will look like this
// src/app/auth-redirect/auth-redirect.component.ts
import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { UserService } from '../services/user.service';
import authgear from '@authgear/web';
import { Router } from '@angular/router';
​
@Component({
selector: 'app-auth-redirect',
templateUrl: './auth-redirect.component.html',
styleUrls: ['./auth-redirect.component.css'],
})
export class AuthRedirectComponent implements OnInit {
constructor(private router: Router, private user: UserService) {}
​
ngOnInit(): void {
authgear
.finishAuthentication()
.catch((e) => console.error(e))
.then(() => {
this.router.navigate(['']);
});
}
}

Step 5: Add Routes and Context Provider to the App

Next, we will add a "Home" page . Create a home component using the following command:
ng generate component home
Then import HomeComponent and AuthRedirectComponent as routes. We can add those routes in the app-routing.module.ts file:
// src/app/app-routing.module.ts
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { RouterModule, Routes } from '@angular/router';
import { AuthRedirectComponent } from './auth-redirect/auth-redirect.component';
import { HomeComponent } from './home/home.component';
​
const routes: Routes = [
{ path: '', component: HomeComponent },
{ path: 'auth-redirect', component: AuthRedirectComponent },
];
​
@NgModule({
imports: [RouterModule.forRoot(routes)],
exports: [RouterModule],
})
export class AppRoutingModule {}
You can apply those routes in src/app/app.component.html by replace the lines with the following:
<router-outlet></router-outlet>
The file structure should now look like
src
β”œβ”€β”€ (...)
└── app
β”œβ”€β”€ app-routing.module.ts
β”œβ”€β”€ app.component.ts
β”œβ”€β”€ app.component.html
β”œβ”€β”€ app.module.ts
β”œβ”€β”€ (...)
β”œβ”€β”€ auth-redirect
β”‚ β”œβ”€β”€ auth-redirect.component.ts
β”‚ β”œβ”€β”€ auth-redirect.component.html
β”‚ └── (...)
β”œβ”€β”€ home
β”‚ β”œβ”€β”€ home.component.ts
β”‚ β”œβ”€β”€ home.component.html
β”‚ └── (...)
└── services
└── user.service.ts

Step 6: Add a Login button

First we will import the Authgear dependency and inject the UserService in home.component.ts. Then add the startLogin method which will call startAuthentication(ConfigureOptions). This will redirect the user to the login page.
// src/app/home/home.component.ts
import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { UserService } from '../services/user.service';
import authgear from '@authgear/web';
​
@Component({
selector: 'app-home',
templateUrl: './home.component.html',
styleUrls: ['./home.component.css'],
})
export class HomeComponent implements OnInit {
constructor(public user: UserService) {}
​
ngOnInit(): void {}
​
startLogin(): void {
authgear
.startAuthentication({
redirectURI: 'http://localhost:4000/auth-redirect',
prompt: 'login',
})
.then(
() => {
// started authorization, user should be redirected to Authgear
},
(err) => {
// failed to start authorization
console.error(err);
}
);
}
}
Then you can add a button which will trigger the startLogin method in home.component.html:
<h1>Home Page</h1>
<button type="button" (click)="startLogin()">Login</button>
You can now run npm start and you will be redirected to the Authgear Login page when you click the Login button.
User will be redirected to the Authgear login page by clicking the login button

Step 7: Show the user information

The Authgear SDK helps you get the information of the logged in users easily.
In the last step, the user is successfully logged in so let's try to print the user ID (sub) of the user in the Home page.
In home component, we will add a simple Loading splash and a greeting message printing the Sub ID. We will add two conditional elements such that they are only shown when user is logged in. We can also change the login button to show only if the user is not logged in.
Make use of isLoggedIn from the UserService to control the components on the page. Fetch the user info by fetchInfo() and access its sub property.
// src/app/home/home.component.ts
import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { UserService } from '../services/user.service';
import authgear from '@authgear/web';
​
@Component({
selector: 'app-home',
templateUrl: './home.component.html',
styleUrls: ['./home.component.css'],
})
export class HomeComponent implements OnInit {
isLoading: boolean = false;
greetingMessage: string = '';
​
constructor(public user: UserService) {}
​
async updateGreetingMessage() {
this.isLoading = true;
try {
if (this.user.isLoggedIn) {
const userInfo = await authgear.fetchUserInfo();
this.greetingMessage = 'The current User sub: ' + userInfo.sub;
}
} finally {
this.isLoading = false;
}
}
​
ngOnInit(): void {
this.updateGreetingMessage().catch((e) => {
console.error(e);
});
}
​
startLogin(): void {
authgear
.startAuthentication({
redirectURI: 'http://localhost:4000/auth-redirect',
prompt: 'login',
})
.then(
() => {
// started authorization, user should be redirected to Authgear
},
(err) => {
// failed to start authorization
console.error(err);
}
);
}
}
​
In the home.component.html:
<h1>Home Page</h1>
<span *ngIf="isLoading">Loading</span>
<span *ngIf="greetingMessage">{{ greetingMessage }}</span>
<div *ngIf="!user.isLoggedIn">
<button type="button" (click)="startLogin()">Login</button>
</div>
Run the app again, the User ID (sub) of the user should be printed on the Home page.

Step 8: Add a Logout button

Finally, let's add an Logout button when user is logged in.
In home.component.html, we will add a conditional element in the markup:
<div *ngIf="user.isLoggedIn">
<button type="button" (click)="logout()">Logout</button>
</div>
And add the logout method:
logout(): void {
authgear
.logout({
redirectURI: 'http://localhost:4000/',
})
.then(
() => {
this.greetingMessage = '';
},
(err) => {
console.error(err);
}
);
}
Run the app again, we can now logout by clicking the logout button.

Step 9: Open User Settings

Authgear provide a built-in UI for the users to set their attributes and change security settings.
Use the open function to open the setting page at <your_app_endpoint>/settings
In home.component.html append a conditional link to the logout button section.
<div *ngIf="user.isLoggedIn">
<button type="button" (click)="logout()">Logout</button>
<br />
<a target="_blank" rel="noreferrer" (click)="userSetting($event)" href="#">
User Setting
</a>
</div>
And add the userSetting method:
import authgear, { Page } from "@authgear/web";
​
async userSetting(event: MouseEvent) {
event.preventDefault();
event.stopPropagation();
await authgear.open(Page.Settings);
}
This the resulting home.component.ts:
// src/app/home/home.component.ts
import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { UserService } from '../services/user.service';
import authgear, { Page } from '@authgear/web';
​
@Component({
selector: 'app-home',
templateUrl: './home.component.html',
styleUrls: ['./home.component.css'],
})
export class HomeComponent implements OnInit {
isLoading: boolean = false;
greetingMessage: string = '';
​
constructor(public user: UserService) {}
​
async updateGreetingMessage() {
this.isLoading = true;
try {
if (this.user.isLoggedIn) {
const userInfo = await authgear.fetchUserInfo();
this.greetingMessage = 'The current User sub: ' + userInfo.sub;
}
} finally {
this.isLoading = false;
}
}
​
ngOnInit(): void {
this.updateGreetingMessage().catch((e) => {
console.error(e);
});
}
​
startLogin(): void {
authgear
.startAuthentication({
redirectURI: 'http://localhost:4000/auth-redirect',
prompt: 'login',
})
.then(
() => {
// started authorization, user should be redirected to Authgear
},
(err) => {
// failed to start authorization
console.error(err);
}
);
}
​
logout(): void {
authgear
.logout({
redirectURI: 'http://localhost:4000/',
})
.then(
() => {
this.greetingMessage = '';
},
(err) => {
console.error(err);
}
);
}
​
async userSetting(event: MouseEvent) {
event.preventDefault();
event.stopPropagation();
await authgear.open(Page.Settings);
}
}
This is the resulting home.component.html:
<h1>Home Page</h1>
<span *ngIf="isLoading">Loading</span>
<span *ngIf="greetingMessage">{{ greetingMessage }}</span>
<div *ngIf="!user.isLoggedIn">
<button type="button" (click)="startLogin()">Login</button>
</div>
<div *ngIf="user.isLoggedIn">
<button type="button" (click)="logout()">Logout</button>
<br />
<a target="_blank" rel="noreferrer" (click)="userSetting($event)" href="#">
User Setting
</a>
</div>
Show the User ID, a link to User Settings and a logout button after login

Next steps, Calling an API

To access restricted resources on your backend application server, the HTTP requests should include the access token in their Authorization headers. The Web SDK provides a fetch function which automatically handle this, or you can get the token with authgear.accessToken.

Option 1: Using fetch function provided by Authgear SDK

Authgear SDK provides the fetch function for you to call your application server. This fetch function will include the Authorization header in your application request, and handle refresh access token automatically. The authgear.fetch implements fetch.
authgear
.fetch("YOUR_SERVER_URL")
.then(response => response.json())
.then(data => console.log(data));

Option 2: Add the access token to the HTTP request header

You can get the access token through authgear.accessToken. Call refreshAccessTokenIfNeeded every time before using the access token, the function will check and make the network call only if the access token has expired. Include the access token into the Authorization header of the application request.
authgear
.refreshAccessTokenIfNeeded()
.then(() => {
// access token is ready to use
// accessToken can be string or undefined
// it will be empty if user is not logged in or session is invalid
const accessToken = authgear.accessToken;
​
// include Authorization header in your application request
const headers = {
Authorization: `Bearer ${accessToken}`
};
});
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On this page
Setup Application in Authgear
Create an application in the Portal
Configure Authorize Redirect URI
Configure Post Logout Redirect URI
Step 1: Create a simple Angular project
Step 2: Install Authgear SDK to the project
Step 3: Implement the User Service
Step 4: Implement the Auth Redirect
Step 5: Add Routes and Context Provider to the App
Step 6: Add a Login button
Step 7: Show the user information
Step 8: Add a Logout button
Step 9: Open User Settings
Next steps, Calling an API