Validate JWT in your application server

Authenticate the incoming HTTP requests by validating JWT in your application server
In this section, we will go through how to decode the JWT token to obtain the currently logged-in user.
Before we start, make sure the option Issue JWT as access token is enabled in your Application settings in the Portal.
Make sure "Issue JWT as access token" is enabled in your application

Find the JSON Web Key Sets (JWKS) endpoint

This Discovery endpoint serves a JSON document containing the OpenID Connect configuration of your app. It includes the authorization endpoint, the token endpoint and the JWKS endpoint.
The JSON Web Key Sets (JWKS) endpoint can be found in jwk_url in the configuration.
OpenID Connect Configuration JSON
"jwks_uri": "..."

Decode user from an access token

Follow this step-by-step example to verify and decode the JWT token.

Step 1: Install packages

pip install cryptography
pip install PyJWT

Step 2: Find the JSON Web Key Sets (JWKS) endpoint

Define a function to find the JWKS endpoint from the OpenID Connect configuration. Use your Authgear endpoint as base_address
import json
from contextlib import closing
from urllib.request import urlopen
base_address = "https://<your_app_endpoint>"
def fetch_jwks_uri(base_address):
doc_url = base_address + "/.well-known/openid-configuration"
with closing(urlopen(doc_url)) as f:
doc = json.load(f)
jwks_uri = doc["jwks_uri"]
if not jwks_uri:
raise Exception('Failed to fetch jwks uri.')
return jwks_uri

Step 3: Get JWT token from the Authorization header

Define a function to extract the access token from the Authorization header in the incoming request. It should look like Authorization: Bearer <access_token>.
def parse_header(authz_header):
parts = authz_header.split(" ")
if len(parts) != 2:
scheme = parts[0]
if scheme.lower() != "bearer":
return parts[1]

Step 4: Verify and decode the JWT token

Here show an example of using Flask web framework to guard a path. You may need to adjust some of the codes to suit your technologies.
from flask import request
import jwt
from jwt import PyJWKClient
def hello():
authz_header = request.headers.get("Authorization")
if not authz_header:
return {
"message": "authz header not found"
# get jwt token from Authorization header
token = parse_header(authz_header)
if token:
# fetch jwks_uri from the Authgear Discovery Endpoint
jwks_uri = fetch_jwks_uri(base_address)
# Reuse PyJWKClient for better performance
jwks_client = PyJWKClient(jwks_uri)
signing_key = jwks_client.get_signing_key_from_jwt(token)
user_data = jwt.decode(
options={"verify_exp": True},
return {
"message": "Hello!",
"user_data": user_data
return {
"message": "JWT decode failed"
return {
"message": "no token"
Use your Authgear endpoint as base_address
import (
var (
authzHeaderRegexp = regexp.MustCompile("(?i)^Bearer (.*)$")
baseAddress = "https://<your_app_endpoint>"
type OIDCDiscoveryDocument struct {
JWKSURI string `json:"jwks_uri"`
func FetchOIDCDiscoveryDocument(endpoint string) (*OIDCDiscoveryDocument, error) {
resp, err := http.DefaultClient.Get(endpoint)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
defer resp.Body.Close()
if resp.StatusCode != http.StatusOK {
return nil, fmt.Errorf(
"failed to fetch discovery document: unexpected status code: %d",
var document OIDCDiscoveryDocument
err = json.NewDecoder(resp.Body).Decode(&document)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
return &document, nil
func FetchJWK(baseAddress string) (jwk.Set, error) {
doc, err := FetchOIDCDiscoveryDocument(
baseAddress + "/.well-known/openid-configuration",
if err != nil {
return nil, err
set, err := jwk.Fetch(context.Background(), doc.JWKSURI)
return set, err
// DecodeUser parse request Authorization header and obtain user id and claims
func DecodeUser(r *http.Request) (string, map[string]interface{}, error) {
// fetch jwks_uri from Authgear
// you can cache the value of jwks to have better performance
set, err := FetchJWK(baseAddress)
if err != nil {
return "", nil, fmt.Errorf("failed to fetch JWK: %s", err)
// get jwt token from Authorization header
authzHeader := r.Header.Get("Authorization")
match := authzHeaderRegexp.FindStringSubmatch(authzHeader)
if len(match) != 2 {
return "", nil, fmt.Errorf("no token")
// parse jwt token
token, err := jwt.ParseString(match[1], jwt.WithKeySet(set))
if err != nil {
return "", nil, fmt.Errorf("invalid token: %s", err)
// validate jwt token
err = jwt.Validate(token,
func() time.Time { return time.Now().UTC() },
if err != nil {
return "", nil, fmt.Errorf("invalid token: %s", err)
return token.Subject(), token.PrivateClaims(), nil
func handler(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
// decode user example
userid, claims, err := DecodeUser(r)
isUserVerified, _ :=
isAnonymousUser, _ :=
// ... your handler logic
TODO: Node.js example is coming soon
Here is an example demonstrates how to add authorization to an Express.js API

Step 1: Install dependencies

npm install --save express-jwt jwks-rsa

Step 2: Configure the middleware

Step 3: Protect API Endpoints

Decode user from cookies

Validating JWT in your application server is currently only available for Token-based authentication.
For Cookie-based authentication, JWT in cookies is not supported yet. You can track the issue here.