Using SDK to call your application server

How to make authorized request to your application server after login with Authgear

Using Authgear SDK to call your application server

In this section, we are going to explain how to make an authorized request to your application server by using Authgear SDK. If you are using Cookie-based authentication in your web application, you can skip this section as session cookies are handled by the browser automatically.

Setup Overview

  1. To determine which user is calling your server, you will need to include the Authorization header in every request that send to your application server.

  2. You will need to set up Backend integration, Authgear will help you to resolve the Authorization header to determine whether the incoming HTTP request is authenticated or not.

In the below section, we will explain how to set up SDK to include Authorization header to your application requests.

SDK setup

Configuration

Configure the Authgear SDK with the Authgear endpoint and client id. The SDK must be properly configured before use, you can call configure multiple times but you should only need to call it once. No network call will be triggered during configure.

Javascript
iOS
Android
Javascript
authgear
.configure({
clientID: "<YOUR_APPLICATION_CLIENT_ID>",
endpoint: "<YOUR_AUTHGEAR_ENDPOINT>",
})
.then(() => {
// configured successfully
})
.catch((e) => {
// failed to configured
});
iOS
let authgear = Authgear(clientId: clientId, endpoint: endpoint)
authgear.configure() { result in
switch result {
case .success():
// configured successfully
case let .failure(error):
// failed to configured
}
}
Android
ConfigureOptions configureOptions = new ConfigureOptions();
Authgear authgear = new Authgear(getApplication(), clientID, endpoint, null);
authgear.configure(configureOptions, new OnConfigureListener() {
@Override
public void onConfigured() {
// configured successfully
}
@Override
public void onConfigurationFailed(@NonNull Throwable throwable) {
// failed to configured
}
});

Get the latest session state

sessionState reflect the user logged in state. Right after configure, the session state only reflects the SDK local state. That means even sessionState is AUTHENTICATED, the session may be invalid if it is revoked remotely. You will only know that after calling the server, call fetchUserInfo as soon as it is proper to do so, e.g. when the device goes online.

Javascript
iOS
Android
Javascript
// value can be NO_SESSION or AUTHENTICATED
// After authgear.configure, it only reflect SDK local state.
let sessionState = authgear.sessionState;
if (sessionState === "AUTHENTICATED") {
authgear
.fetchUserInfo()
.then((userInfo) => {
// sessionState is now up to date
// read the userInfo if needed
})
.catch((e) => {
// sessionState is now up to date
// it will change to NO_SESSION if the session is invalid
});
}
iOS
// value can be .noSession or .authenticated.
// After authgear.configure, it only reflect SDK local state.
let sessionState = authgear.sessionState
// call fetchUserInfo to see if the session is valid
if authgear.sessionState == .authenticated {
authgear.fetchUserInfo { userInfoResult in
// sessionState is now up to date
// it will change to .noSession if the session is invalid
let sessionState = authgear.sessionState
switch userInfoResult {
case let .success(userInfo):
// read the userInfo if needed
case let .failure(error):
// failed to fetch user info
// the refresh token maybe expired or revoked
}
}
Android
// value can be NO_SESSION or AUTHENTICATED
// After authgear.configure, it only reflect SDK local state.
SessionState sessionState = authgear.getSessionState();
if (sessionState == SessionState.AUTHENTICATED) {
authgear.fetchUserInfo(new OnFetchUserInfoListener() {
@Override
public void onFetchedUserInfo(@NonNull UserInfo userInfo) {
// sessionState is now up to date
// read the userInfo if needed
}
@Override
public void onFetchingUserInfoFailed(@NonNull Throwable throwable) {
// sessionState is now up to date
// it will change to NO_SESSION if the session is invalid
}
});
}

Calling an API

Use fetch function from the SDK (JavaScript Only)

Javascript Only. Authgear SDK provides fetch function for you to call your application server. The fetch function will include Authorization header in your application request, and handle refresh access token automatically. authgear.fetch implement fetch. If you are using another networking library and want to include the Authorization header yourself. You can skip this and go to the next step.

Javascript
Javascript
authgear
.fetch("YOUR_SERVER_URL")
.then(response => response.json())
.then(data => console.log(data));

Add the access token to the HTTP request header

You will need to include the Authorization header in your application request. Call refreshAccessTokenIfNeeded every time before using the access token, the function will check and make the network call only if the access token has expired. Include the access token into the Authorization header of your application request.

Javascript
iOS
Android
Javascript
authgear
.refreshAccessTokenIfNeeded()
.then(() => {
// access token is ready to use
// accessToken can be string or undefined
// it will be empty if user is not logged in or session is invalid
const accessToken = authgear.accessToken;
// include Authorization header in your application request
const headers = {
Authorization: `Bearer ${accessToken}`
};
});
iOS
authgear.refreshAccessTokenIfNeeded() { result in
switch result {
case .success():
// access token is ready to use
// accessToken can be empty
// it will be empty if user is not logged in or session is invalid
// include Authorization header in your application request
if let accessToken = authgear.accessToken {
// example only, you can use your own networking library
var urlRequest = URLRequest(url: "YOUR_SERVER_URL")
urlRequest.setValue(
"Bearer \(accessToken)", forHTTPHeaderField: "authorization")
// ... continue making your request
}
case let .failure(error):
// failed to refresh access token
// the refresh token maybe expired or revoked
}
}
Android
// Suppose we are preparing an http request in a background thread.
// Setting up the request, e.g. preparing a URLConnection
try {
authgear.refreshAccessTokenIfNeededSync();
} catch (OauthException e) {
// The token is expired.
}
String accessToken = authgear.getAccessToken();
if (accessToken == null) {
// The user is not logged in, or the token is expired.
// It is up to the caller to decide how to handle this situation. Typically, the request could be aborted
// immediately as the response would be 401 anyways.
return;
}
HashMap<String, String> headers = new HashMap<>();
headers.put("authorization", "Bearer " + accessToken);
// Submit the request with the headers...

Handle revoked sessions

If the session is revoked from the management portal, the client will call your application server with an invalid access token. Your application server can check that by looking at the resolver headers.

For example, you application may return HTTP status code 401 for unauthorized requests. Depending on your application flow, you may want to show your user login page again or reset the SDK sessionState to NO_SESSION locally. To clear the sessionState, you can use clearSessionState function.

Javascript
iOS
Android
Javascript
// example only
// if your application server return HTTP status code 401 for unauthorized request
async function fetchAppServer() {
var response = await authgear.fetch("YOUR_SERVER_URL");
if (response.status === 401) {
// if you want to clear the session state locally, call clearSessionState
// `authgear.sessionState` will become `NO_SESSION` after calling
await authgear.clearSessionState();
throw new Error("user session invalid");
}
// ...
}
iOS
// example only
// if your application server return HTTP status code 401 for unauthorized request
if let response = response as? HTTPURLResponse {
if response.statusCode == 401 {
// if you want to clear the session state locally, call clearSessionState
// `authgear.sessionState` will become `.noSession` after calling
authgear.clearSessionState { result in
switch result {
case .success():
// clear SDK session state locally
// `authgear.sessionState` becomes `.noSession`
case let .failure(error):
// failed to clear session state
}
}
}
}
Android
// example only
// if your application server return HTTP status code 401 for unauthorized request
responseCode = httpConn.getResponseCode();
if (responseCode != HttpURLConnection.Unauthorized) {
// if you want to clear the session state locally, call clearSessionState
// ` authgear.getSessionState()` will become `NO_SESSION` after calling
authgear.clearSessionState();
}